The 'Gangajal' released from Gomukh in form of Bhagirathi is regarded as the most purifier of human body and soul since time immemorial. The Bhagirathi meets to Alaknanda at Devprayag and named as 'Ganga'. Gangajal travels through 'Bhagirath path' of 2525 km before meeting the sea at Gangasagar, a sacred and religious place of the Hindus.

A British bacteriologist Ernest Hankin in 1896 reported the presence of marked antibacterial activity of Ganga water against Vibrio cholerae due to presence of bacteriophages. Going back to about 7500 BC the river Ganga is mentioned in Rigveda. Hippocrates mentioned about healing of wound by Ganga water in 500 BC. Medicinal values of Ganga water is also described in Charaka Samhita. Although, there are a number of other rivers who originates from the similar kind of Glaciers. However, past scientific researches have revealed that the Gangajal has unique characteristics due to presence of Himalayan minerals, Bdellovibrio bacteria, bacteriophages, medicinal plant extracts, higher concentration of dissolved oxygen (DO) and traces of radioactive materials etc. Higher concentration of ozone (O3) present in ambient air of Gangotri glacier  easily get dissolved in Gangajal and  further enhances its disinfectant and oxidative properties due to release of oxidative radicals in water. River Ganga is considered as the basis of life and principle source of socio-economic, cultural, religious and environmental development of its highly productive and densely populated basin.
Banaras Hindu University Varanasi India -221005 Copyright 2015 [BHU]. All rights reserved, Page updated on 15-Aug-15

Workshop on Murtibisrajan & Ganga Pollution

Malaviya Research Centre for Ganga, River Development & Water Resource Management shall produce water resource managers and river development experts.

The Centenary Year of the Banaras Hindu University, will be observed as GANGA REJUVENATION & WATER CONSERVATION AWARENESS YEAR 2015-2016.

The National Conference on Ecological Challenges of the Ganga, River Development & Water Resource Management will be held on 25-26, November 2015.


Bharat Ratna Pandit Madan Mohan Malaviya Ji had deep regards for the rivers, specially Mother Ganga and uninterrupted flow of Ganga was maintained through an agreement between British Government and a group of Hindu leaders including Maharaja(s) of different States, headed by Pt. Madan Mohan Malaviya Ji in 1916.