The 'Gangajal' released from Gomukh in form of Bhagirathi is regarded as the most purifier of human body and soul since time immemorial. The Bhagirathi meets to Alaknanda at Devprayag and named as 'Ganga'. Gangajal travels through 'Bhagirath path' of 2525 km before meeting the sea at Gangasagar, a sacred and religious place of the Hindus.
A British bacteriologist Ernest Hankin in 1896 reported the presence of marked antibacterial activity of Ganga water against Vibrio cholerae due to presence of bacteriophages. Going back to about 7500 BC the river Ganga is mentioned in Rigveda. Hippocrates mentioned about healing of wound by Ganga water in 500 BC. Medicinal values of Ganga water is also described in Charaka Samhita. Although, there are a number of other rivers who originates from the similar kind of Glaciers. However, past scientific researches have revealed that the Gangajal has unique characteristics due to presence of Himalayan minerals, Bdellovibrio bacteria, bacteriophages, medicinal plant extracts, higher concentration of dissolved oxygen (DO) and traces of radioactive materials etc. Higher concentration of ozone (O3) present in ambient air of Gangotri glacier easily get dissolved in Gangajal and further enhances its disinfectant and oxidative properties due to release of oxidative radicals in water. River Ganga is considered as the basis of life and principle source of socio-economic, cultural, religious and environmental development of its highly productive and densely populated basin.
Banaras Hindu University Varanasi India -221005 Copyright 2015 [BHU]. All rights reserved, Page updated on 15-Aug-15
Since dawn of the human history rivers are regarded as the life line all over the world.
Life of 450 million people is dependant on the river Ganga.
Ecologically unplanned industrialization and urbanization have imposed serious threat to our rivers.
Majority of rivers are either polluted or under dying phase.
Our planners & policy makers are facing serious problems pertaining to the availability of reliable ecological data to make sound ecological plans.
Unavailability of reliable ecological data was also discussed before the Hon,ble Prime Minister in a NGRBA meeting.
The NGRBA has resolved to establish a dedicated institution for Ganga related R&D activities at Varanasi.
Looking to the aforesaid national needs, the Banaras Hindu University has established a multidisciplinary Malaviya Research Centre for Ganga, River Development & Water Resource Management (ECR No. 269 dt. 21st April 2015).
Bharat Ratna Pandit Madan Mohan Malaviya Ji had deep regards for the rivers, specially Mother Ganga and uninterrupted flow of Ganga was maintained through an agreement between British Government and a group of Hindu leaders including Maharaja(s) of different States, headed by Pt. Madan Mohan Malaviya Ji in 1916.